Here, with matthew, avery director of research at sacham to find out just how much tougher the tests have become he's, also going to let us know which one of these cars is: the whatcar 2021 safety award winner, so matthew what's changed with the testing. Well, in 2020, we introduced our mobile progressive deformable barrier crash, which has replaced our main frontal crash, which we've had in place for 23 years and it's a compatibility test so it's designed to prevent people in small cars being injured by people who hit them in big Cars we've also introduced new side impact crash tests. This is because 30 of all people killed or seriously injured in a side crash are on the non struck side, so they're on the opposite side of the crash and finally aeb systems are getting better and better. So for active safety testing we've introduced a new turn across path test, which is for a vehicle that turns into a side road and maybe there's a pedestrian walking across. So it protects that. So these are the most exacting changes. We'Ve ever made. Only 10 cars were tested in the past year, but there are some outstandingly safe ones matthew. Would you like to run us through the top three? The new set leon gained the highest adult occupant protection, score of 2020 that's great news, because it's an affordable model that will be bought by many people. It performed well in the new deformable barrier tests protecting those inside it, as well as theoretically protecting the occupants of the opposing vehicle.
Importantly, it comes as standard with front center, airbags that minimize injuries to the front seat occupants in the side on crash. Its active safety systems work well too, including its lane keeping assistance which guides the car through corners, whilst it's been driven using the adaptive cruise control. The yaris is another new model, that's very safe and affordable, as well as protecting its occupants. Well, in a crash, it scores highly in our safety, assist category and that's significant, because these tests scrutinize the active safety systems that help prevent accidents happening in the first place. As standard the yaris comes with an automatic emergency braking system that can detect and avoid vulnerable road users, and that can also prevent a collision with another car that's. Turning across its path, the volkswagen id3 has been designed with a very safe structure that protects its occupants and keeps the batteries secure in crash tests. The id3 also gained the highest score yet in the side impact crash test, thanks to the center front, airbags that prevent the two front seat, passengers from knocking their heads together, as well as gaining the highest overall score of the cast tested in 2020. It was the top scorer for safety, assist its standard automatic emergency braking system prevents accidents with cyclists and pedestrians and when the id3 is approaching other cars and turning across the path of an oncoming vehicle, so which of these three takes the crown as the safest car Of 2021, it has to be the id3, because it's not only the highest score in many areas.