Coming for most of my co workers. That means swapping out tires, which i don't. So i thought i should talk to some experts to see if that's an enthusiast thing or, if i'm really missing out. Also this plays into it somehow they're round and black, they smell, they go flat too, but they cost too much they're a pain right that's. What consumers think a lot of times? People will call it a distressed purchase because, like you said, it's wow i've got to spend a fair amount of money on something that i don't think very much about and it's either. Because i had a problem or it's, worn out to the point where it's become unsafe, a tire purchase is like going to the dentist. Nobody really wants to do it, but it's one of those things you just got ta do now that our spirits are up. Let'S get a few other things out of the way. No i'm, not brian cooley i've, met him very nice person i'm, also, not any of the other knowledgeable roadshow staff that you've all come to know, but like most of 2020 we're gon na get through this together. So let's get down to it. I'Ve lived in michigan my whole life. I haven't had an issue. I was always raised that if you have all wheel, drive you're, pretty good. Clearly, four wheel drive is better than two wheel drive in any circumstances in winter conditions, because you, the idea of having traction across all your axials, is much better than having traction just on the front or the back.
I feel a butt coming out. You know you got to have good tires and it's. True, you have to have good tires and there seems to be this. People are getting all wheel, drive or four wheel drive, they think they can do anything and, of course, that's not correct. The tire provides the traction the vehicle just has to try to use it in the best way that it can, and so, if you don't have that traction to start with there's really not a whole lot, you can do in that situation in our area that first Snowfall typically, the first vehicles that you see off the road are an all wheel, drive or four wheel, drive crossover suv, just because there is there is such a disparity between what the vehicle is able to do, accelerating uh versus what it can do breaking or turning. The reality is that all wheel drive, if you get stuck in the snow bank, all wheel drive, is definitely going to help you get out of that snow bank uh. What it's not really going to help you do is break so, if you're in a snowstorm or if you have icy roads, all wheel drive, does not help you brake and arguably you know it doesn't really help you turn in those types of conditions. Either there is some, you know: small benefits to handling by getting an all wheel, drive vehicle, but it's, not nearly the amount of benefit that you can get by having a dedicated set of winter tires those brakes on your car.
They stop your wheels. The tire stops. Your car okay, so my entire life i've been wrong and i'm starting to second guess that whole bravery quote might be better to just dive in and see what they're saying when they say winter summer, all season. There are very few. If any, i guess, like regulations or industry standards that separate one from the other it's kind of a kind of colloquial kind of just understood type things i mean no manufacturer. Would you know produce a summer tire with you know a winter compound on it, because it would fail in the marketplace – and you know and what's the point, but in theory they could soma high temperature performance stability winter specifically, as those temperatures start to drop. The compound comes into play and then an all season that basically covers both the spectrums. What i have to say is optimized between the spectrum, not at the extremes of those spectrums. You know, in general terms, your winter tire is quite square, and, and the shoulder of your winter tire helps to dig into the ice for better cornering your all season, and summer tires tend to have a rounded shoulder profile that helps with you know, water, evacuation and It almost works like the bow of a boat that, if you have water, that rounded shoulder is able to sort of cut through and move that water to the sides. So that makes sense, even though there aren't regulations they all kind of have similar guidelines on what they want for each tire.
You'Ll typically see consumers buying winter tires in areas where there's severe winter conditions in a prolonged period of time. So when you get below 44 degrees is when you should be really looking at the winter tire that's. Why we don't call them snow tires, is they're really cold and cooler weather tires to where they're designed to operate in that that half of the year or that? Third of the year, you know your winter tire will typically be a softer compound and more able to remain flexible in colder conditions, typically highly bladed lots of cuts. Those blades keep the tread elements soft and pliable, because that's that's the secret to have soft and pliable low temperature tread elements. Once you get into a winter tire. You will see, you know a heavily siped tire, so lots and lots of cuts, and basically what this allows the car to do is as the compound another temperature drops will allow the grooves to move and not let the let the blocks become solid as if it Begins to cool down: okay, the snow will also go in these grooves and it will also trap the snow first thing for traction in snow is snow, so the idea is that these sights well, you trap the snow and the groups crack the snow and they traction Off each other, okay, that makes sense compounds to keep the tire from going completely solid and extra grooves and slits that help with grip.
Things also got interesting because, even though there aren't regulations to call a winter tire, a winter tire, there did seem to be a certification you could look for. So the certification is actually a certification that's enforced by the department of transportation for three peak mountain snowflake. That really describes what the pictogram looks. Like you know, it's it's, a mountain range three peaks, with a with a snowflake in the middle you'll, find that on the sidewall of tires, it essentially represents that the tire has passed. The certification for severe winter, and that is actually based on a test tires, have to achieve a certain performance standard in order to be branded with that that's based on spin traction in medium packed, snow and it's it's compared to the the srt, which is the standard Reference test tire: okay, winter tires. I think i got it. Let'S look at the other tires just to kind of compare. First of all, if you think about a dedicated summer, tire it's, typically a very blocky, tread pattern or ribbish type tread pattern with a minimal number of sights or blades. You know what i'm referring to there. The surface to void ratio is much higher. On a summer tire to give the maximum should we say, footprint to perform on the maximum grip summer tires, are or tires that offer typically superior performance in wet and dry conditions. It works well and works at its optimum when it gets that dynamic temperature range it's.
Just soft enough to grip that dry or wet pavement and it provides excellent, wet and dry traction. But as the temperatures go down 45 degrees or below those compounds get more brittle and the traction goes away. And then you come to all season tires and all season tires leverage compound advancements. They can provide grip both when it's cold and when it's warm those as i'm sure you know you know they need to straddle the line they can't be as specialized as either a summer tire or a winter tire, and as a result, they often end up being Compromised or they're almost always end up being compromised at both ends of the extreme, so they're, the the classic jack of all trades master of none type type scenario. I consider myself a jack of some trades master of none anyway, with all the different compounds and tread patterns. I got a little curious about longevity. Typically, a performance oriented compound isn't, going to have the longevity that you know an all season tire does. It is softer, as they say and winter tires are kind of the same way except they're at you know the opposite end of the spectrum. They have tread blocks that move a lot due to the high sipe density and and the winter compound is softer, and so it wears faster as well. You can think about it, as you know, an eraser while you're erasing you know your pencil marks on a paper.
You know if you have a softer eraser you'll have more material on the page. It'Ll help you grip better, but they won't last nearly as long as it would if it had a harder compound. Okay, so all season tires did still seem to be the happy medium but there's still the whole issue of it, not being that good in winter conditions. So there's been pressure to to improve the tires, especially their winter function and then their all season capability – and this is the new class of tires that are called all weather tires. And this has come about with compounds that actually work well in snow and cold weather. But still give the longevity and the wet and dry traction that people want. The idea is they: they have the three peak mountain snowflake that you'd find on a winter tire, but you can use them year round, you're perfect for consumers that will see wintry conditions from time to time, but don't necessarily want to change out summer and winter tires. Every year they want to have that winter capability at times all right, bigger question: what about price if you are going to have two sets of wheels and two sets of tires, that's, typically going to be a more expensive proposition, so you know there's a lot of Talk about oh well, winter tires cost me that much more money, but you know if you have two sets of tires and your one set would normally last you three to four years, but now you have two sets, so it lasts you seven to eight years.
I mean the the real incremental cost over the life of your two sets of tires. You know, assuming that you're, not you know, leasing for three years and you're keeping it for a longer amount of time. You know that incremental cost isn't really that much greater than you would. If you just had a single set of tire – and you know the safety benefit that you get by going with two sets – certainly offsets the the incriminal cost that you would have from having two sets. Oh yeah, the paper thing yeah, i think, if god, if there's one theme, it's it's, that they they do matter, they're the only part of the vehicle that touches the road. If you take an 8 by 11 sheet of paper that's about the surface area of tire touching the road, so if you divide that in four that's, the footprint of one tires, that's kind of the visual that we like to remind people is that you know this. This piece of paper is all that connects you to the road, so i get it tires are important. Winter tires are going to make a huge difference, but i have to assume that lifestyle would play into your decision. Do you go off road? Do you use it in bad weather? Do you talk on the phone a lot? Do you use your navigation system because you might need a tire, that's, very quiet, and then what do they like about the current tires and what don't they like, if obviously on their original equipment, tires there's, something specific they don't like you, take them to a product That will address that.
Okay, so confession time i normally drive an suv. All wheel. Drive all season tires, never really had an issue. I also don't drive much for the last four years. That'S been my morning commute. So i just recently turned in a two year auto lease with less than 5000 miles on. It very embarrassing hope it's, not a fireball offense with that said i'm, not sure if i'm going to make the decision to now start getting winter tires. But at least i have all the knowledge i need, and hopefully some of it helped. You make a better decision because i have to assume you have more fulfilling lives that involved a lot more driving than i do now. If you're really interested in swapping out your tires, we have a separate video with everyone's favorite brian cooley, who can show you how and as always for more information from people a lot more knowledgeable than me go to theroadshow.